We distinguish different truffles, but what are they and where do they come from, among other things? Truffles are precious fungi, which at least live underground. A number of animals love it, which makes it difficult to grow the truffles without being eaten. Therefore, this blog,various types of truffles:an overview of species and threats
The truffle is a precious fungus
The truffle is a precious fungus that applies underground. This is done on the roots of a number of tree species, on the basis of which it can be checked where they grow. We know the truffle as a very clear delicacy, especially because of a number of well-known varieties that are very well appreciated in the gastronomic world.
Well-known types of truffles
The black truffle is generally the most famous, we speak of the Tuber melanosporum. In addition, the white truffle (Tuber magnatum) is generally well known. Already a little less known are the summer truffle, the winter truffle and the Chinese truffle.
On the other hand, there are a number of endangered truffle species, which are still too rare. These are on the so-called Red List. This concerns, for example, the fluffy truffle and the spotted truffle. The ochre brown truffle is already completely gone and so is the smelly truffle. The reddish-brown truffle is still there, but we must continue to pay enough attention to that.
various types of truffles an overview of species and threats | Animals love truffles
We love truffles as humans, but we’re not alone in that. Different types of animals also love it, which means that it is not always easy to grow the truffles. Squirrels, for example, are known for the fact that they like to eat truffles. The advantage of this is that they distribute the spores, so that the truffles will reappea look elsewhere.
Pigs and wild boars are the other lovers of truffles. They are even trained to look for it. The tricky thing about pigs is that they like to eat the truffles when they have found them and that they can cause damage to the soil. A specific pig species that is very good at finding truffles (Lagotto romagnolo) should no longer be used for this in Italy. The risk of damage to the ground is too great, so the search does more harm than nature on the other side can make up for.